Access to UNIX-Related Standards

Moderator, John S. Quarterman std-unix at
Wed Aug 8 01:09:55 AEST 1990

From:  std-unix at (Moderator, John S. Quarterman)

This is the latest in a series of similar comp.std.unix articles.
Corrections and additions to this article are solicited.

There are four companion articles, posted at the same time as this one
with subjects
	Calendar of UNIX-related Events
	Access to UNIX User Groups
	Access to UNIX-Related Networking
	Access to UNIX-Related Publications
These access postings are collected and posted by Susanne W. Smith
of Windsound Consulting <sws at> and were originated by
John S. Quarterman of Texas Internet Consulting <jsq at>.
The information in them comes from a wide variety of sources.
We encourage others to reuse this information, but we ask for proper
acknowledgment, for example by including this statement.

Also note that Jeff Haemer now writes a quarterly summary report for
USENIX soon after each IEEE 1003 meeting for posting in comp.std.unix
and in ;login:, the Newsletter of the USENIX Association.

Changes since last posting: IEEE/CS P1003 contacts, groups, dates, 
	NIST, UniForum working groups, X3J11/P1003 liaison.

Access information is given in this article for the following standards:
ISO/IEC TC1 SC22 WG14 (C language)
IEEE 	1003.0  (POSIX guide).
	1003.1  (system interface), 
 	1003.2  (shell and utilities),
	1003.3  (testing methods),
	1003.4  (real time),
	1003.5  (Ada binding),
	1003.6  (security),
	1003.7  (system administration), 
	1003.8  (transparent file access),
	1003.9  (FORTRAN binding),
	1003.10 (supercomputing),
	1003.11 (transaction processing),
	1003.12 (protocol independent interfaces)
	1003.13 (Real Time AEP)
	1003.14 (multiprocessing AEP)
	1003.15 (supercomputing batch element)
	1201.1  (interfaces for user portability)
	1201.2  (recommended practice on drivability)
	1224    (message handling services)
	1237    (API for RPC)
	1238	(Common OSI API)
	1238.1  (FTAM API part)
UniForum Technical Committee Subcommittees on:
	performance measurements, 
X3H3.6 (display committee)
X3J11 (C language)
/usr/group 1984 Standard
System V Interface Definition (SVID, or The Purple Book)
4.3BSD Manuals

UNIX is a Registered Trademark of AT&T.
IEEE is a trademark
	of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers, Inc.
POSIX is no longer a trademark of IEEE or of anyone else.
X/OPEN is a licensed trademark of the X/OPEN Group Members.

The IEEE P1003 Portable Operating System Interface for Computer
Environments Committee is sometimes known colloquially as the UNIX
Standards Committee.  They published the 1003.1 "POSIX" Full Use
Standard in October 1988 after its formal approval 22 August 1988.
This is an interface and environment standard; implementation details
are explicitly excluded.  Although it is based on documentation for
various versions of the UNIX Operating System, it is explicitly not
UNIX, which is an implementation licensed by a certain vendor.  Source
level application portability is the goal.

The standard may be ordered from:

		IEEE Service Center
		445 Hoes Lane
		Piscataway, NJ  08854

The price is $16 for members, $32 for non-members (plus $4.00 tax, 
shipping, and handling).

Single copies of current drafts of the 1003 documents can be obtained
from the Computer Society with a charge to cover reproduction and mailing.
Their phone number is +1-202-371-0101.
IEEE 1003.1 is also an ``International Standard (IS 9945-1)''
under a joint committee of the International Organization for Standardization
(ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Committee (IEC), Joint
Technical Committee 1, Subcommittee 22, Working Group 15 (ISO/IEC JTC1
SC22 WG15).  The convener is Jim Isaak:  see below for his address.  
Dominic Dunlop is the EUUG and USENIX representative to ISO/IEC JTC1 SC22 WG15 
and WG14. There is a U.S. Technical Advisory Group (TAG) to 
ISO/IEC JTC1 SC22 WG15: the chair is Donn Terry of HP, who is also the 
current chair of IEEE 1003.1.

		Donn Terry
		Hewlett Packard Systems Division
		3404 E. Harmony Road
		Fort Collins, CO  80525

TAG meetings tend to be held wherever 1003.1 is meeting.

There is a paper mailing list by which interested parties may get
copies of drafts of the standard.  To get on it, or to submit comments
directly to the committee, mail to:

		James Isaak
		Chairperson, IEEE/CS P1003
		fax: +1-603-884-3682
		isaak at
		isaak at
		Digital Equipment TTB1-5/G06
		10 Tara Blvd.
		Nashua, NH  03062

Sufficiently interested parties may join the working group.

The term POSIX actually applies to all of the P1003 subcommittees:
group	subject				chairs, vice-chair
1003.0	POSIX Guide			Al Hankinson (NIST) 
					alhank at 
					Kevin Lewis (DEC)

1003.1	System Application Program Interface
					Donn Terry (HP)

1003.2	Shell and Utilities Interface  	Hal Jespersen (POSIX Software Group) 
					Don Cragun (Sun)
					dwc at

1003.3	Test Methods			Roger Martin (NIST)
					rmartin at 
					N. Ray Wilkes (UNISYS)
					nrw at sp7040

1003.4	Real Time 			Bill Corwin (Intel) 
					Mike Cossey
1003.13	Real Time Applications Environment Profile

1003.5	Ada Binding for POSIX		Steven Deller (Verdix)
					deller at
					Terry Fong (USArmy)
					tfong at

1003.6	Security			Dennis Steinauer (NIST) 
					steinauer at
					Ron Elliot (IBM)
					elliott at

1003.7	System Administration		Steve Carter (Bellcore) 
					David Hinnant (BNR)
					Martin Kirk (BTRL)

Distributed Services Steering Committee	Timothy Baker (Ford Aero)
					tbaker%nasamail at
1003.8	Transparent File Access		Jason Zions (HP)
					jason at
1003.12 Protocol Independent Interfaces Les Wibberley (Chemical Abstracts)
					lhw25 at cas.bitnet

1237	API for RPC 			Ken Hobday (DEC)
1238	Common OSI API 			Kester Fong (GM)
1238.1	FTAM API part
1224    Message Handling Services (X.400) 
					John Boebinger (DEC)
1003.9	Fortran Bindings		John McGrory (HP)
					mcgrory at 
					Michael J. Hannah (Sandia)
					mjhanna at

1003.10	Supercomputing 			Karen Sheaffer (Sandia)
					karen at 
					Jonathan C. Brown (Lawrence Livermore)
					jbrown at
1003.15 Supercomputing Batch Element 

1003.11	Transaction Processing 		Elliot J Brebner (Unisys) 
					Bob Snead (Interactive)
					bobs at

1003.14 Multiprocessing Applications Environment Profile

1201.1  Interfaces for User Portability	Sunil Mehta (Convergent), 
1201.2 	Recommended Practice on Drivability
 					Lin Brown (Sun)
					lin at Sun.COMlin@Sun.COM

Inquiries regarding any of the subcommittees should go to the address for the
IEEE 1003 chair.

The next scheduled meetings of the P1003 working groups are:

1990 Oct 15-19	IEEE 1003	Seattle, WA
1991 Jan 7-11	IEEE 1003	New Orleans, LA 
1991 Apr 15-19	IEEE 1003	Houston, TX (location tentative)
1991 July 8-12	IEEE 1003	Santa Clara, CA (location tentative)
1991 Oct 21-25	IEEE 1003	Southern Europe (location tentative)
1992 Jan 13-17	IEEE 1003	Orlando, FL (location tentative)
1992 Apr 20-24	IEEE 1003	Montreal, PQ (location tentative)
1992 Jul 13-17	IEEE 1003	Alaska (location tentative)
1992 Oct 19-23	IEEE 1003	Scottsdale, AZ (location tentative)
There are seven Institutional Representatives to P1003:  John Quarterman
from USENIX, Heinz Lycklama and Ralph Barker from UniForum, Petr Janecek 
from X/OPEN, Fritz Schulz from OSF, Shane McCarron from UNIX International,
and Richard Alexander from Share.  They are apparently all also representatives
to the U.S. TAG to ISO SC22 WG15.

There is a USENIX Standards Watchdog Committee of volunteers who report
on issues raised in standards committee meetings.  These reports are
published quarterly in comp.std.unix, in ;login: The Newsletter of the
USENIX Association, and in the trade press.  Occasionally, these volunteers
may speak for USENIX, but only if authorized by the USENIX Standards
Policy Committee, which currently consists of John S. Quarterman (chair),
Marshall Kirk McKusick (USENIX President), Alan G. Nemeth (former USENIX
President), and Ellie Young (USENIX Executive Director).
Comments, suggestions, etc., may be sent to

		John S. Quarterman
		USENIX Standards Liaison
		Texas Internet Consulting
		701 Brazos, Suite 500
		Austin TX 78701-3243
		fax: +1-512-320-5821
		jsq at

For comp.std.unix:
Comments:       uunet!std-unix-request  std-unix-request at
Submissions:    uunet!std-unix          std-unix at

CommUNIXations (the UniForum magazine) contains reports about every
other issue by Allen Hankinson on the UniForum Technical Committee meetings.

If you are interested in starting another UniForum working group, contact
Allen Hankinson:

		Allen L. Hankinson      
		National Institute of Standards & Technology
		Systems & Software Technology Div.              
		Tech Building, Room B266
		Gaithersburg, MD  20899 
		fax: +1-301-590-0932
		alhank at

Here is contact information for UniForum working groups.

UniForum Working Group on Internationalization:
	Loretta Goudie
	Santa Cruz Operation
	400 Encinal
	Santa Cruz, CA 95060

UniForum Working Group on Realtime:
	Bill Corwin
	Intel Corp.
	5200 Elam Young Pkwy
	Hillsboro, OR 97123

UniForum Working Group on Performance Measurements:
	Ram Chelluri		
	AT&T Computer Systems	
	Room E15B		
	4513 Western Ave.	
	Lisle, IL 60532-1571	

UniForum Working Group on Security:
	Jeanne Baccash
	AT&T UNIX Systems Engineering
	190 River Road
	MS G-222
	Summit, NJ  07901

UniForum Working Group on C++:
	Don Kretsch
        AT&T Information Systems
        190 River Road
	Summit, NJ  07901

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST, formerly NBS,
the National Bureau of Standards) has produced a Federal Information
Processing Standard (FIPS) based on IEEE 1003.1 Draft 12, and approved
31 August 1988 as FIPS #151, Portable Operating System for Computer
Environments.  An update to the state of the 1003.1 Full Use Standard
is expected.  For information, contact:

		Roger Martin
		National Institute of Standards and Technology
		Technology Building, Room B266
		Gaithersburg, MD 20899
        	rmartin at

NIST has a POSIX Conformance Test Suite (PCTS) for 1003.1 which is 
currently in preliminary external testing.

NIST is also producing a FIPS based on IEEE 1003.2, and has started
one on system administration.

NIST sponsors a number of standards-related workshops, including:

1990 Sept 6	POSIX W			NIST, G, MD
1990 Nov 15	APP/OSE Users Forum	NIST, G, MD
1991 May 9	APP/OSE Users Forum	NIST, G, MD
1991 Nov 14	APP/OSE Users Forum	NIST, G, MD

The X3H3.6 display management committee is in the final stages of
standardization of the X Window System Data Stream Encoding Version 11
(the "X Protocol"). They will soon begin the standardization of Xlib
and its various language bindings (C, ADA, Fortran) as well as begin
the standardization process within ISO.  The chair is
		Dr. Georges Grinstein
		grinstein at


X3J11 is sometimes known as the C Standards Committee.  Their liaison
to P1003 is

		Doug Gwyn
		U.S. Army Ballistic Research Lab
		801-L Cashew Court
		Bel Air, MD  21014
		+1 301-278-6651
		gwyn at

A contact for information regarding publications and working groups is

		Thomas Plum
		Vice Chair, X3J11 Committee
		Plum Hall Inc.
		1 Spruce Avenue
		Cardiff, New Jersey 08232

ANSI documents may be ordered from
		Global Engineering Documents
		2805 McGaw
		Irvine, CA 92714

ANSI X3.159-1989 approved is available and the price is $87.50. 

The /usr/group 1984 Standard is a principal ancestor of P1003.1, X/OPEN,
and X3J11.  It may be ordered for $15.00 from:

		UniForum Standards Committee
		2901 Tasman Drive, Suite 201
		Santa Clara, California 95054
		Tel: (408)986-8840
		Fax: (408)986-1645

UniForum also publishes the documents, ``Your Guide to POSIX,''
explaining what IEEE 1003 is,  ``POSIX Explored: System Interface,''
about technical aspects of IEEE 1003.1, and its relations to other standards
and historical implementations, and ``POSIX Update: Shell and Utilities.''
Contact UniForum at the above address for details.

The System V Interface Definition (The Purple Book, or SVID).
This is the AT&T standard and is one of the most frequently-used
references of the IEEE 1003 committee.

		AT&T Customer Information Center
		Attn:  Customer Service Representative
		P.O. Box 19901
		Indianapolis, IN 46219

		800-432-6600 (Inside U.S.A.)
		800-255-1242 (Inside Canada)
		+1-317-352-8557 (Outside U.S.A. and Canada)

	System V Interface Definition, Issue 2
	should be ordered by the following select codes:

	Select Code:	Volume:		Topics:
	320-011		Volume I	Base System
					Kernel Extension
	320-012		Volume II	Basic Utilities Extension
					Advanced Utilities Extension
					Software Development Extension
					Administered System Extension
					Terminal Volume Interface Extension
	320-013		Volume III	Base System Addendum
					Terminal Interface Extension
					Network Services Extension
	307-131		I, II, III	(all three volumes)

The price is about 37 U.S. dollars for each volume or $84 for all three.
Major credit cards are accepted for telephone orders:  mail orders
should include a check or money order, payable to AT&T.

The implementation of System V is described in the book

	The Design of the UNIX Operating System
	Maurice J. Bach
	Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey

The X/Open Portability Guide (XPG) is another reference frequently 
used by IEEE 1003.

The X/Open Group was formed by "Ten of the world's major information system
suppliers". The number of member companies has grown since then. 
They have produced a document intended to promote
the writing of portable applications.  They closely follow both SVID
and POSIX, and cite the /usr/group standard as contributing, but
X/OPEN's books cover a wider area than any of those.

The books are published by

		Englewood Cliffs
		New Jersey  07632

There are currently seven volumes:
	1) XSI Commands and Utilities	
	2) XSI System Interface and Headers
	3) XSI Supplementary Definitions	
	4) Programming Languages		
	5) Data Management			
	6) Window Management			
	7) Networking Services			

	All 7 Volumes		

Comments, suggestions, error reports, etc., for Issue 3 of the X/OPEN 
Portability Guide may be mailed directly to:

		xpg3 at

Information about X/OPEN can be requested from:

		Mike Lambert
		Apex Plaza, 
		Forbury Road
		Berkshire RG1 1AX
		+44 734 508 311
		mgl at

4.2BSD and 4.3BSD have influenced POSIX in a number of areas.
The best reference on them is the 4.3BSD manuals, published by USENIX.
An order form may be obtained from:

		Howard Press
		c/o USENIX Association
		P.O. Box 2299
		Berkeley, CA 94710

		office at

4.3BSD User's Manual Set (3 volumes)		$25.00
	User's Reference Manual
	User's Supplementary Documents
	Master Index

4.3BSD Programmer's Manual Set (3 volumes)	$25.00
	Programmer's Reference Maual
	Programmer's Supplementary Documents, Volume 1
	Programmer's Supplementary Documents, Volume 2

4.3BSD System Manager's Manual (1 volume)	$10.00

Unfortunately, there are some license restrictions.
Contact the USENIX office for details.

Information about the design and implementation of 4.3BSD can be found 
in the book

	The Design and Implementation of the 4.3 BSD UNIX Operating System
	Samuel J. Leffler, Marshall Kirk McKusick, Michael J. Karels, and
		John S. Quarterman
	Addison-Wesley, Reading, Massachusetts, 1989

Volume-Number: Volume 21, Number 19

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